This page is set up to provide various resources that the Glass Facility views as beneficial to the research community based on questions and consultation provided to various customers.  In no way is this page intended to promote one company over another and the compiled resorces herein should not be considdered exhaustive. Multimedia presented are for referrence only, if you should attempt anything presented please consult your safety guidelines, policies and proceedures for best practices (i.e.PPE requirements).

If you have questions or concerns regarding glassware design, use, or application, don't hesitate to contact the Glass Facility so you can get the answer(s) you need.

Online Information    |    Books    |    Documents, PDFs, Images   

Online Information

Ace Glass - Technical Support

Chemglass Life Sciences - Technical Data

S. I. Howard Glass Co. - Spec Sheets for various types of flat glass (BK-7, B270, filter glass, mirrors, gorilla glass, and more)

MilliporeSigma - Literature and Technical Bulletins to assist you with your Life Science and R&D needs. Browse our technical bulletins, cell culture manual and catalogs for the answers and products you need. MilliporeSigma has now put together a dedicated site to promote their partnership with the University of Iowa; Visit

Technical Glass Products - Technical Information relating to Fused Quartz (e.g. properties, trace impurities, transmittance curves, etc.)

Haraeus Quartzglas - Technical Information for Fused Silica, Suprasil, Infrasil, etc.  A number of unique optical, mechanical and thermal properties have made quartz glass an indispensable material in the fabrication of high-tech products. Among these are: high chemical purity and resistance, high softening temperature and thermal resistance, low thermal expansion with high resistance to thermal shocks, high transparency from the violet to the infrared spectral range, high irradiation resistance.

Starna Cells - Technical Information; Manufacturers of Quality Spectrophotometer, Fluorometer, Colorimeter and Laser Cells.  UV/Vis Reference Materials - NIST Traceable and non-traceable.

McMaster Carr - A wealth of technical information about the various product that they sell. Specifically various use application limitations to help the user select the appropriate components needed for a specific application.It is  recommend that the researcher, research group, obtain a catalog print copy to have on the shelf. Sometimes it is easier to locate information in print vs. online.

The O-Ring Store LLC - A resource of o-ring material and information including sizing, chemical compatibility, durometer and temperature charts.

Swagelok - Swagelok Company is a global developer and provider of high-quality and reliable fluid system solutions including products, assemblies and services for the research, instrumentation, process, oil and gas, power, petrochemical, alternative fuels, and semiconductor industries.

The University of Iowa Environmental Health and Safety - The University guidence for safe work practice. The Environmental Health & Safety Office (EHS) provides services intended to promote health and safety at the University of Iowa. We offer a variety of services in the areas of Biological, Chemical, Occupational and Radiation safety, and select Environmental programs.

UI Physics and Astronomy Machine Shop - We have 5 CNC milling machines, 1 CNC lathe, 1 electrical discharge machine, 4 manual lathes, drill presses, saws, welding equipment, and sheet metal fabrication equipment. We have 3 different CAD programs to use in designing parts, assemblies, making mechanical drawings, and creating programs to control our CNC machines. With these CAD programs we can also view most part models or drawings that were made in a different CAD program. We have machined parts out of many different metals, plastics, and garolite materials. Some of our measuring tools are calibrated yearly by standards traceable to NIST per the guidelines specified in the latest revisions of ANSI/NCSL Z540-1 and ISO/IEC 17025.

UI Engineering Technology Services - The Engineering Technology Services (include Electonics and Machining) contains lathes, mills, band saws, and many hand tools with which to work many types of materials, including plastics, fiberglass, and metals. EMS works with students, faculty, and staff in the College of Engineering as well as people across the UI campus providing concept development, project design, and prototyping services. Students are taught how to use the equipment safely and then use the machines for class projects.

The American Ceramic Society - Since 1898, ACerS has been the hub of the global ceramics community and one of the most trusted sources of ceramic materials & applications knowledge. If ceramic material and technologies are a significant part of your work, then ACerS is the professional society for you.

American Chemical Society - The Society publishes numerous scientific journals and databases, convenes major research conferences and provides educational, science policy and career programs in chemistry. [They] also play a leadership role in educating and communicating with public policy makers and the general public about the importance of chemistry in our lives. This includes identifying new solutions, improving public health, protecting the environment and contributing to the economy.

Glas - An exuberant 1958 Oscar®-winning film about glass-blowing, automation and all that jazz. Bert Haanstra 10 MINUTES.  This is not Scientific Glassblowing but is a fun video to watch.

Smithsonian Science Under Glass - The National Museum of American History's laboratory glassware collection contains more than one thousand objects dating from the 17th century to the present day. Examining the collection reveals a broader story—both about the increasing professionalization and specialization of American science and about the importance of glass as a material for scientific investigation.

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Shelby, J.E. Introduction to Glass Science and Technology. 2nd ed. Cambridge: The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2005. Print.
   Introduction to Glass Science and Technology presents the fundamental topics in glass science and technology including glass formation, crystallisation and phase separation. A detailed discussion of glass structure models with emphasis on the oxygen balance model is also presented. Additional chapters discuss the most important properties of glasses, including physical, optical, electrical, chemical and mechanical properties, and new to this edition, water in glasses and melts. Glass technology is addressed in chapters dealing with the details of glass raw materials, melting and fining, and commercial glass production methods. This expanded second edition also includes new chapters on the compositions and properties of commercial glasses and thermal analysis of glasses and melts. Exercises are included at the end of the chapters. This introductory text is ideal for undergraduates in materials science, ceramics or inorganic chemistry. It will also be useful to the engineer or scientist seeking basic knowledge of the formation, properties and production of glass. [This text is available to The University of Iowa as an e-book; click on the hyperlinked title and you will be directed to enter your HawkID informaiton.]

Coyne, Gary S. The Laboratory Companion. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006. Print 
   An updated version of the critically acclaimed Laboratory Handbook, this guide to laboratory materials, equipment, and techniques is an important resource for students as well as veteran scientists and lab technicians. From vacuum technology and glass vacuum systems to volumetric glassware, gas-oxygen torches, and cryogenic tanks, The Laboratory Companion provides complete coverage of all commonly used lab equipment, including essential information about its selection, use, cleaning, and maintenance. It clearly explains the historical development and rationale behind how and why things are done in the lab, and includes helpful guidelines and step-by-step procedures for each topic discussed. Since glassware is typically the most prevalent type of lab equipment, much of the book is devoted to the properties and handling of glass apparatus, with additional material on rubber and plastic tubing, corks, stoppers, and O-rings. Readers will also find broad coverage of measurement systems, high- and low-temperature apparatus and techniques, compressed gases, vacuum systems, and other essential subjects. 
   Gary S. Coyne is a scientific glassblower in the Department of Chemistry of California State university at Los Angeles.

Wheeler, E.L. Scientific Glassblowing. New York, 1958. Print
  With the research point of  view in mind, it seemed appropriate that a book entitled Scientific Glassblowing should have sections on subjects not even remotely related to glassblowing, for example, machine shop practices and major chemical processes such as chromatography, extraction, evaporation, and distillation. As a professional glassblower I found knowledge in these subjects both useful and interesting. A glassblower who knows the principles involved in these chemical processes and is familiar with laboritory techniques, such as those of high vacuum, is better able to make constructive suggestions in the design fo new and special apparatus. He is also better able to build the apparatus after it is designed. Furthermore, the glassblower who can make small metal parts or who can design and make electric heating units which are so often an integral part of glass apparatus, is of special value to his research group. - Excerpt from Preface Wheeler, E.L.

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Documents, PDFs, Images

Annealing Profile Chart - Generic approximation for getting started.  To determine anneal scheduling properly it is recommended to perform various test runs, varying soak times and temperatures with followup observation with control parameters and a polariscope to view stress distribution. (this link is not recommended for citation purposes)

Keithly Low Level Measurements Handbook - 7th Edition  - A quick highlight of this handbook includes: Theoretical Measurement Limits; Understnding Instrument Specifications; Circuit Design Basics; Measurements for High Resistance Sources; Measurements for Low Resistance Sources; Low Level Instrument Selection Guide.  The hanbook can also be found at: Tektronix/Keithley Instruments Knowledge Center

Parker O-ring Handbook - This book contains extensive information about the properties of basic sealing elastomers, as well as examples of typical o-ring applications, fundamentals of static and dynamic seal design and o-ring failure modes. It also provides an overview of international sizes and standards, and compatibility data for fluids, gases and solids.

Swagelok Ultra-Torr Vacuum Fittings - O-ring compression coupling to glass, metal, or plastic tubing.  Tubing sizes from 1/16 to 1 1/2 inch.

Swagelok KF Vacuum Fittings - Adapter Fittings to go from KF to VCO, VCR, NPT, Swagelok Tube, and Ultra-Torr


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